What is Specialty Coffee?
Specialty coffee refers to high-quality, carefully roasted and prepared coffee that has unique and distinct flavor profiles. It is a term used to distinguish coffee that has scored 80 or above on a 100-point scale by a certified coffee taster, also known as a coffee cupper. This score is based on several factors, including aroma, flavor, acidity, body, and aftertaste.
To achieve a high score, specialty coffee must be grown in optimal conditions, carefully harvested, and properly processed and roasted. The beans must also be fresh and free of defects.
Specialty coffee is often sourced from small, family-owned farms and cooperatives, and it is often grown using sustainable and environmentally friendly methods. Many specialty coffee roasters also have strong relationships with the farmers who grow their beans and pay them fair prices for their crops.
In addition to its high quality and distinct flavors, specialty coffee is also known for its wide variety of brewing methods and presentations. From pour-over and French press to chemex and cold brew, there are many ways to enjoy specialty coffee. It can also be served in a variety of settings, from coffee shops and cafes to restaurants and at home.
One of the key aspects of specialty coffee is the attention to detail and the focus on the entire coffee-making process, from farm to cup. This includes everything from selecting the right beans and roasting them to the perfect degree, to brewing and serving the coffee in a way that showcases its unique flavors and aromas.
In summary, specialty coffee is a high-quality, carefully crafted product that is designed to be savored and enjoyed. It is an important part of the growing specialty coffee industry, which is dedicated to producing and serving coffee that is both delicious and socially and environmentally responsible.